Texas Crutch: Wrapping Brisket For Best Results

by Matt

minute/s reading time

Have you ever come across the term Texas Crutch? It's a method favored by barbecue experts. The Texas Crutch involves wrapping the brisket in foil or butcher paper while smoking to speed up the cooking process. 

This technique improves tenderness decreases cooking time and helps overcome the brisket stall. In this piece I'll get into the origins of the Texas Crutch, its advantages and how you can perfect this approach at home. Whether you're a barbecue enthusiast or a casual backyard griller understanding the Texas Crutch could enhance your brisket skills significantly. Lets uncover why this method has become a cornerstone, in circles.

Smoked Brisket Ready to Wrap in Foil (texas Crutch)

What is the Texas Crutch?

The Texas Crutch is a BBQ technique where brisket is wrapped in foil or butcher paper while being smoked. Pitmasters widely adopt this method to expedite cooking preserve moisture and improve meat tenderness.

The History of the Texas Crutch

The practice of using the Texas Crutch began in barbecue settings, where pitmasters aimed to deliver tender and juicy brisket within competition time limits.
The method gained popularity because it helps to deal with the "stall”. A phase, during smoking when the internal temperature of the brisket plateaus leading to cooking times.

Brief Overview of the Technique

While smoking a brisket the meat experiences temperature stages. At around 150 170°F the brisket reaches the stall, where the cooling effect of surface moisture slows down cooking. The Texas Crutch addresses this by wrapping the brisket in foil or butcher paper at this point. Wrapping helps in;

  • Preserving Moisture: By trapping steam the brisket remains moist and tender.
  • Speeding Up Cooking: The wrap retains heat enabling cooking of the brisket.
  • Improving Tenderness: The moist environment within breaks, down collagen resulting in meat.

Wrapping Materials

  • Foil: Creates a seal. Effectively retains moisture but may soften the outer bark.
  • Butcher Paper: Allows some airflow to maintain bark texture while still keeping some moisture.

Understanding how to use the Texas Crutch can assist you in achieving tender and juicy brisket whether you're competing or simply cooking for loved ones.

By following these guidelines you can surpass the hurdle. Produce a perfect smoked brisket every single time.

Advantages of Using the Texas Crutch

Employing the Texas Crutch technique involves wrapping the brisket while smoking to expedite cooking, maintain moisture and improve tenderness. Here's why you might want to try this method.

Decreases Cooking Time

Wrapping the brisket aids in pushing through the stall phase, significantly reducing cooking duration. The wrap creates an environment that slows surface moisture evaporation. This ensures a rise in temperature cutting down on your overall cooking time.

Retains Moisture

By trapping steam wrapping helps keep the brisket succulent and soft. The foil or butcher paper acts as a shield preventing moisture from escaping. This proves useful during smoking sessions where meat tends to dry out easily.

Breakdown of Collagen

Collagen a protein found in the tissue of brisket must break down into gelatin for that tender melt, in your mouth texture. The humid environment formed by wrapping speeds up this process guaranteeing your brisket is tender and flavorful.

Overcoming the Brisket Stall

The brisket stall usually happens between 150 170°F when the meats internal temperature halts its ascent.

Wrapping your brisket during smoking helps overcome the stall phase by capturing heat and moisture allowing the internal temperature to rise steadily.

Points to Consider with the Texas Crutch

While using the Texas Crutch method has its advantages there are a things to think about;

Impact on Bark: Foil wrapping can soften the bark. If a crispy bark is important to you consider using butcher paper as it lets the meat breathe and maintains the barks texture better.

Flavor Changes: Wrapping may affect the intensity of smoke flavor. Butcher paper allows some smoke infusion preserving more of that smoky taste.

Employing the Texas Crutch can greatly enhance your briskets tenderness and juiciness while shortening cooking time. By mastering this technique you can consistently create mouthwatering brisket fit for competitions.

"brisket Wrapped in Aluminum Foil with a Can of Beer on the Side.

When to Employ the Texas Crutch

Timing is key when utilizing the Texas Crutch approach. Here's an in depth look at when and why you should wrap your brisket during smoking.

Optimal Temperature for Wrapping

barbecue experts suggest wrapping your brisket when its internal temperature hits, around 165 170°F.
During this stage the brisket is usually, into the stall phase, where the internal temperature levels off due to cooling. Wrapping it at this point helps to push through the stall and maintain a progress towards achieving your cooking temperature.

Important Steps

Keep an Eye on the Internal Temperature: Make sure to use a reliable meat thermometer to monitor the briskets temperature. Once it reaches the range of 165 170°F it’s time to wrap it up.

Get Your Wrapping Material Ready: Have your foil or butcher paper handy to minimize the time that the brisket remains unwrapped.

Understanding The Stall Phase

The stall is an occurrence when the internal temperature of the brisket stops increasing, around 150 170°F. This happens as moisture on the meats surface evaporates, cooling down the brisket and balancing out with heat from the smoker. The stall can last for hours significantly prolonging your cooking duration.

Benefits of Using The Texas Crutch Technique

Preserves Heat and Moisture: By wrapping the brisket you retain heat and moisture inside preventing cooling and allowing for an increase in internal temperature.

Speeds Up Cooking Time: Employing The Texas Crutch method can cut down cooking time by much as 30% proving to be a useful approach, for those seeking effective time management during cooking.

Pitmaster Suggestion

According to Aaron Franklin, from MasterClass wrapping the brisket in butcher paper when it reaches around 165°F is key to setting the bark while keeping it moist.

Employing the Texas Crutch technique at the moment can lead to a cooked brisket with enhanced tenderness and flavor. By recognizing the stall phase and monitoring temperatures you can determine the time to wrap your brisket for a successful smoking session.

How to Properly Wrap a Brisket

Properly wrapping a brisket is crucial for preserving moisture and improving the smoking process. Follow these steps for a wrap using the Texas Crutch method.

Step by Step Instructions for Wrapping

1. Reach the Stall Phase:

  • Monitor Internal Temperature: Smoke your brisket until it hits a temperature of 165 170°F, which's when the stall usually happens.
  • Prepare for Wrapping: Wrapping around this temperature helps push through the stall using the Texas Crutch approach.

2. Wrap Securely:

  • Position Your Brisket: Lay out your brisket, on foil or butcher paper.
  • Securely Fold: Wrap the material tightly around your brisket to seal in juices and develop that bark.

3. Seal Effectively:

  • Check for any gaps: Make sure there are no gaps or loose ends when wrapping the brisket. 
  • Double Wrap If Needed: If needed, double-wrap to prevent leakage and ensure even cooking.

Materials, for Wrapping





Butcher Paper Benifits


Speeds up cooking time by trapping heat

May result in a soft bark due to the moist environment

Offers control over bark formation by allowing some moisture to escape

Cooking time may be slightly longer,

Retains moisture to keep the meat juicy

Risk of overcooking if not monitored closely in the sealed wrap

Allows smoke penetration for enhanced flavor

Retains less moisture compared to foil

Adding Liquid When Wrapping Brisket

Adding liquid while wrapping your brisket can boost flavor and moisture retention. Popular choices include;

  • Apple Juice or Cider: Adds sweetness and helps retain moisture.
  • Beer: Enhances flavor. Maintains juiciness of the meat.
  • Beef Broth or Stock: Adds richness of flavor while keeping the brisket moist.Butter; It adds a richness. Helps to maintain the tenderness of the meat.
  • Vinegar (Apple Cider or White): It brings a twist to the flavor and also assists, in tenderizing the meat.


  • Don't Go Overboard: Using liquid can wash away the spices and diminish the depth of the seasoning.
  • Moderation is Key: Stick to 3 4 ounces of liquid to keep the flavor balanced without overpowering the meat.

Expert Advice from Pitmaster Susie Bulloch

"Wrap your brisket tightly in heavy duty foil to prevent moisture and steam. Start wrapping at 165°F" (Hey Grill Hey).

By following these guidelines and suggestions you can ensure that your brisket remains juicy, tasty and cooked perfectly with the Texas Crutch method.

Practical Suggestions for Using the Texas Crutch

Effectively utilizing the Texas Crutch technique can greatly impact how your brisket turns out. Here are some practical suggestions for achieving success;

Avoiding Leaks

Make sure that your foil or butcher paper wrap is tightly sealed to prevent any juices from leaking out. A secure wrap avoids accumulation at the bottom, which can lead to steaming and alter the texture of your brisket.

Thermometer Placement

Place the thermometer probe through the wrap and ensure it’s sealed tightly to avoid moisture loss. This helps in continuously monitoring the internal temperature without having to unwrap the brisket.

Pitmaster Tip

According to Aaron Franklin insert the probe through the wrap. Tightly crimp it around to prevent any juice leakage.

Adding Liquid

To enhance flavor and moisture retention consider adding amounts of apple juice, beer or beef broth. These liquids can help keep the brisket juicy and infuse it with flavor notes.

Monitoring Temperature

Regularly check the briskets temperature using a thermometer to ensure even cooking and reaching your desired doneness. This approach allows you to make decisions, about when to wrap up and finish cooking your brisket.

When smoking brisket it's an idea to let it form a crust before wrapping it up to keep the texture and flavor intact. Adding a water pan, in the smoker helps maintain moisture and prevents the meat from drying out creating the environment for a brisket.

Wrapped vs. Unwrapped Brisket

Whether you choose to wrap or leave your brisket unwrapped can make a difference in your dish. Wrapping can speed up cooking time by overcoming temperature plateaus and keep the meat juicy during smoking sessions.

Benefits of Wrapped Brisket

  • Reduces Cooking Time: Wrapping a brisket helps beat the stall phase, where the internal temperature plateaus, thereby speeding up the overall cooking time.
  • Boosts Moisture Retention: By containing the brisket's juices, wrapping ensures a moist end product, which is especially useful for long smoking sessions.

Drawbacks of Wrapping Brisket

Wrapping, with foil can soften the bark, which may not be ideal for those who prefer a crispy exterior. Wrapping could change the intensity of the smoke flavor potentially reducing the smokiness of the brisket.

Benefits of Unwrapped Brisket

  • Allows for smoke ring development due to increased smoke exposure.
  • Results in bark formation, with a crunchier and thicker texture.
  • Enhances smoke flavor as there is no barrier for the brisket to absorb smoke.

Drawbacks of Unwrapped Brisket

  • The stall phase will last much longer, leading to a much longer overall cooking time. 
  • Leaving a brisket unwrapped may lead to the brisket drying out. 

To prevent this pitmasters suggest letting the brisket develop a crust before wrapping it to retain its texture and flavor.

It's important to keep an eye on the temperature. Spritz the meat every hour or so, once the crust has formed. I use apple juice mixed with a little apple cider vinegar. You can also use a water pan to create a moist humid environment.

The Science Behind the Texas Crutch

The Texas Crutch technique leverages specific principles of heat transfer and moisture retention to improve the brisket's tenderness and cooking time. Here’s a breakdown of how it works:

How the Crutch Works

Evaporation: Wrapping the brisket slows down evaporation, which retains moisture by reducing surface cooling. This is essential for preventing the meat from drying out during the long smoking process.

Thermal Conductivity: Foil conducts heat effectively, ensuring the meat cooks faster with consistent heat distribution. This consistent heat helps in maintaining a steady rise in internal temperature, which is crucial for breaking through the stall phase.

Humidity Control: The environment inside the foil becomes highly humid, which aids in faster collagen breakdown. High humidity helps in converting collagen to gelatin, making the meat more tender.

Pitmaster Tip

Aaron Franklin: "Using butcher paper instead of foil allows the meat to breathe, preventing it from becoming mushy while still retaining moisture."

Essential Points

Heat Management in Smoking: Carefully monitor smoker temperatures to ensure optimal heat. Maintaining a steady temperature is crucial for consistent cooking and proper bark formation.

Collagen Breakdown: Wrapping accelerates the gelatinization of collagen, leading to a tender and juicy brisket. The high humidity environment inside the wrap facilitates this process, ensuring the meat achieves the desired tenderness.

Practical Tips

Avoid Leaks: Ensure the foil or butcher paper wrap is secure and doesn’t allow any juices to escape. Leaks can drastically slow cooking and affect the final texture of the brisket.

Thermometer Placement: Place the thermometer probe through the wrap and ensure it’s sealed tightly to avoid moisture loss. This helps in continuously monitoring the internal temperature without having to unwrap the brisket.

Adding Liquid: Use small amounts of liquid like apple juice, beer, or beef broth to enhance flavor and moisture retention. This not only keeps the brisket juicy but also adds subtle flavor notes.

Key Temperatures

Brisket Internal Temperature: Aim for 195°F to 205°F (90.5°C to 96°C) to ensure collagen breakdown and tender meat.

Brisket Stall: The stall typically occurs around 160°F (71°C). The Texas Crutch helps to overcome this phase.

Pitmaster Tip

Ben Isham-Smith: "Allow the brisket to develop some bark before wrapping to avoid losing texture and flavor." 

Understanding the science behind the Texas Crutch can significantly improve your BBQ techniques. By mastering the principles of heat transfer, moisture retention, and proper wrapping techniques, you can achieve a perfectly smoked brisket every time.

Key Takeaways

Evaporation: Wrapping retains moisture by reducing surface cooling.

Thermal Conductivity: Foil ensures consistent heat distribution.

Humidity Control: High humidity inside the wrap aids in collagen breakdown.

Heat Management: Monitor smoker temperatures carefully.

Collagen Breakdown: Wrapping accelerates gelatinization of collagen.

Key Temperatures and Techniques

Understanding and maintaining key temperatures and employing effective techniques are crucial for mastering the Texas Crutch method and achieving perfectly smoked brisket.

Monitoring Internal Temperature

  • Brisket Internal Temperature: The ideal target is between 195°F to 205°F (90.5°C to 96°C). This range ensures the connective tissues break down efficiently, resulting in tender and juicy meat.
  • Brisket Stall: The stall commonly occurs around 160°F (71°C). The Texas Crutch helps to push through this temperature plateau by retaining heat and moisture.

Techniques for Maintaining Moisture

  • Using a water pan: A water pan can add humidity, which is crucial for keeping the meat moist throughout the smoking process. This helps to create a more humid environment inside the smoker, preventing the brisket from drying out.
  • Spritzing: Regularly spritzing the brisket with a mixture of apple juice, water, or vinegar can help maintain moisture and add flavor. This should be done every 30-60 minutes after the first few hours of smoking.

Managing the Stall

The Texas Crutch is especially effective in managing the stall phase. Wrapping the brisket at the right time (165-170°F) helps to push through the stall by trapping heat and moisture, allowing the internal temperature to continue rising steadily.

By understanding and implementing these key temperatures and techniques, you can ensure a consistently successful smoking process using the Texas Crutch.

Monitoring the internal temperature, maintaining moisture, and effectively managing the stall phase are all critical steps in achieving a perfectly smoked brisket.

Close-up of Sliced Smoked Brisket Showing a Pink Smoke Ring and Juicy Interior.

Wrapping It Up: The Final Verdict on the Texas Crutch

Mastering the Texas Crutch can significantly elevate your brisket smoking game. Whether you choose to wrap your brisket in foil or butcher paper, or prefer to leave it unwrapped, each method offers distinct benefits and considerations.

Summary of Key Points

Wrapped Brisket: Wrapping in foil or butcher paper helps overcome the stall, retains moisture, and speeds up cooking. However, it can soften the bark and alter the smoke flavor.

Unwrapped Brisket: Leaving the brisket unwrapped enhances bark formation and smoke flavor but requires more careful monitoring to prevent drying out and takes longer to cook.

Choosing the Right Method for You

The choice between wrapping and not wrapping your brisket ultimately depends on your personal preferences and priorities. If you value a moist, tender brisket and are looking to speed up the cooking process, the Texas Crutch is an excellent technique to adopt.

On the other hand, if you prefer a robust bark and richer smoke flavor, allowing the brisket to cook unwrapped might be your preferred method.

Final Thoughts and Recommendations

Regardless of your choice, the key to a perfect smoked brisket lies in careful temperature management, patience, and a willingness to experiment and find what works best for you. By understanding the benefits and drawbacks of each method, you can make an informed decision that suits your taste and smoking style. Happy smoking!


What is the Texas Crutch technique in barbecue?

The Texas Crutch is a technique used in barbecue where meat, such as brisket, is wrapped in foil or butcher paper partway through cooking. This helps reduce cooking time and retain moisture, resulting in more tender meat.

What are the benefits of using the Texas Crutch for brisket?

Using the Texas Crutch for brisket offers several benefits:

  • Speeds Up Cooking Time: Helps brisket cook faster by retaining heat.
  • Retains Moisture: Keeps the meat juicy by trapping steam.
  • Eases the Stall Phase: Helps the brisket push through the temperature plateau (stall phase) where the internal temperature stops rising.

When should you wrap brisket using the Texas Crutch?

You should wrap the brisket when its internal temperature reaches between 165-170°F. This timing helps effectively push through the stall phase, ensuring the meat continues to cook evenly and retains moisture.

Is it better to wrap or leave brisket unwrapped?

  • Wrapped Brisket: Retains more moisture and reduces cooking time. However, it can soften the bark.
  • Unwrapped Brisket: Develops a firmer bark and richer smoke flavor but requires more careful monitoring to prevent drying out and takes longer to cook.
  • What materials can be used for wrapping brisket in the Texas Crutch?

    You can use:

    • Aluminum Foil: Holds in more moisture, speeding up cooking but may soften the bark.
    • Butcher Paper: Allows some moisture to escape, helping maintain bark texture while preserving some moisture.

    How does wrapping affect the flavor and bark of the brisket?

    Wrapping can:

    • Soften the Bark: Due to retained moisture.
    • Keep the Brisket Juicier: Prevents drying out.
    • Unwrapped Brisket: Gives a firmer bark and smokier flavor but can result in a drier brisket.

    What are the pros and cons of using foil versus butcher paper for wrapping?


    • Pros: Retains moisture better, speeds up cooking.
    • Cons: Can soften bark, may lead to a less smoky flavor.

    Butcher Paper:

    • Pros: Allows for better bark formation, maintains smoke flavor.
    • Cons: Retains less moisture, slightly longer cooking time.

    How do you properly wrap a brisket using the Texas Crutch?

    To wrap properly:

    1. Place the Brisket: Lay it on the wrapping material.
    2. Fold Tightly: Seal it completely, ensuring no leaks for moisture to escape.
    3. Double-Wrap if Necessary: To prevent any leakage and ensure even cooking.

    What considerations are there for leaving brisket unwrapped?

    Leaving brisket unwrapped can:

    • Produce a Better Smoke Ring and Bark: Due to increased smoke exposure.
    • Require More Monitoring: To avoid drying out the meat.
    • Longer Cooking Time: The stall phase might last longer.

    About the Author

    Matt Barrell

    Hi, Matt Barrell here. A BBQ and Smoked meat enthusiast. I love grilling and smoking meat, it is not just my hobby its my passion. My goal is to share my passion with as many other like-minded people as possible.